NOTES WITH EXPLANATIONS --
The Roots of Saab AB.
Long Version 1.2. . May 17, 2015.
When new facts appear or errors are identified, text will be corrected
ASJ Aeroplanavdelning (short ASJA) supplied various ground equipment
to Swedish Air Force from 1916. ASJA Board decided to start ASJA in 1930 to
develop the Sea-airplane Viking 1 for commercial customers. It was sold from
1931 and was soon succeeded by Viking II.
During the 1930s ASJAs mainly manufactured airplanes on license from
companies as Raab-Katzenstein, Junkers (Ju 68K), de Havilland, Hawker Hart,
Focke Wulf and North American Northrop/Douglas
The merger in March 1939 between ASJA and Saab Aeroplan Aktiebolaget, was
then named Svenska Aeroplan AB. They developed their own airplanes called
L10 and L11. ASJA had 1937 hired a number of American airplane engineers (mostly
from Douglas) with design experience of complete metal structure and outer
skin stressed skin fuselage. Now often called monocoque design.
The airplanes were called Airplane 17 (Fpl 17) when put in operation.
Linköping produced 75 and Trollhättan 136 of the 4 different versions.
ASJA acquired Svenska Aero AB
Late in 1932 ASJA bought Svenska Aero AB (Swedish Aero Inc.), founded in
September 1921 in Stockholm by C.C. Bücker for the price of SEK 250 000.
ASJA also offered employment to all Svenska Aero engineering personnel.
Bücker 1921-22 worked as test pilot for TDS owned by the Swedish Navy
(Torped-departementet på Flottans Varv) (≈ Swedish Navy Airplanes)
Swedish Aero Inc. produced airplanes on license from Casparwerke where
Bücker had met the airplane developer Ernst Heinkel.
Heinkel left to start Ernst Heinkel Flugzeugwerke in Warnemünde in October
1922. He supported Swedish Aero financially from its start.